Nationwide leader Heydar Aliyev – eternal and honoured leader of security agencies

ALIYEV HEYDAR ALIRZA OGLU

Heydar Alirza oghlu Aliyev was born on May 10 1923 in the city of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan.
In 1939, after graduating from the Nakhchivan Pedagogical School, he studied at the Faculty of Architecture of the Azerbaijan Industry Institute (now Azerbaijan State Oil Academy). The incipient war impeded to complete his education.
From 1941 Heydar Aliyev headed the department at the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and in 1944 was sent to work at the state security bodies. Working since that time in the security bodies, from 1965 Heydar Aliyev held the post of deputy chairman and from 1967 the chairman of the State Security Committee under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and he was conferred the rank of major - general. In those years he received special higher education in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), and in 1957 he graduated from the Faculty of History of the Azerbaijan State University.
Being elected at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in July 1969 the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev became the head of the republic. In December 1982 Heydar Aliyev was elected a member of Politbureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and appointed to the post of the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of USSR, and became one of the leaders of USSR. For twenty years Heydar Aliyev was the deputy of the Supreme Soviet of USSR and Azerbaijan SSR, and for five years he worked as the Union of the Soviet Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of USSR.
In October 1987 as a sign of protest against the policy pursued by Politbureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and personally the Secretary General Michael Gorbachev, Heydar Aliyev resigned from his post.
In bound with the tragedy committed on January 20 1990 in Baku by the soviet troops, just the next day at the Azerbaijan Representation in Moscow Heydar Aliyev delivered a speech and demanded to punish the organizers and executors of the crime committed against the people of Azerbaijan. As a sign of protest against the hypocritical policy of then leadership of USSR and in connection with the critical conflict in Nagorno - Karabagh, in July 1991 he left the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Returning to Azerbaijan, in July 1990  Heydar Aliyev lived in Baku, then in Nakhchivan and in the same year was elected a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan. In 1991-1993 he held the post of Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In 1992 at the constituent congress of the New Azerbaijan Party in Nakhchivan Heydar Aliyev was elected the Chairman of the Party.
In May-June 1993, as a result of extreme tension of the governmental crisis, when the country was at the verge of civil war and loss of independence, the people of Azerbaijan demanded to bring Heydar Aliyev to power. Then leaders of Azerbaijan were obliged to officially invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku. On June 15 1993 Heydar Aliyev was elected the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan, and on June 24 – by the resolution of the Milli Mejlis (the National Assembly) he began to fulfill powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
On October 3 1993 as a result of all-nation voting, Heydar Aliyev was elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On October 11 1998 at the elections which passed in high activeness of the population, with 76,1 percent of the votes, he was re-elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Heydar Aliyev, giving his consent to be nominated as a candidate at the presidential elections on October 15 2003, relinquished to run at the elections in connection with health problems.
On December 12 2003 nationwide leader of the Azerbaijani people Heydar Aliyev passed away in Cleveland Hospital, the United States of America.
Heydar Aliyev was awarded a number of state orders and medals, international awards, was elected honorable doctor of universities of many countries.
Heydar Aliyev was awarded the Lenin Order five times, Order of Red Star, numerous medals, also orders and medals of foreign countries, was conferred the rank of the Hero of the Socialistic Labor twice.
On March 27 1997, in Kiev, the head of the state of Azerbaijan was awarded the "Yaroslav Mudry" Order, the supreme order of Ukraine.
On April 13 1999 President Heydar Aliyev was awarded the "Peace Premium of Ataturk", the high order of Turkey.
On January 20 2001 President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev was awarded the rank of Honorable Professor of the Moscow State University.
On 3 April 2003 President Heydar Aliyev was elected professor and full member of the Academy of Security, Defense and Legal Norms Problems of the Russian Federation, and was awarded the premium of Y.V.Andropov. On 10 May 2003 the decree was signed on awarding Heydar Aliyev the Order of Saint Apostle Andrey Pervozvanny, the high order of Russia.